Metabolic Syndrome

06/23/2016

Approximately every 60 seconds, an American will die from a coronary event. According to the American Heart Association (AHA), an estimated 71 million Americans have some form of heart disease, the most common being high blood pressure. And most of these problems are self-created by poor lifestyle choices.

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

Metabolic Syndrome is a group of factors that help identify your risk for future illness. It’s determined with five measurements:

  • Blood pressure
  • Waist circumference
  • HDL cholesterol level
  • Triglycerides level
  • Fasting glucose level
 

A health care professional can screen you for Metabolic Syndrome in a few minutes using a blood pressure cuff, a tape measure, and a blood specimen. Your results are divided into two categories: “normal” and “at risk.”.

Waist circumference

Normal
<40 inches (men)
<35 inches (women)

At Risk
>40 inches (men)
>35 inches (women)

HDL cholesterol level pressure

Normal
>40 mg/dL (men)
>50 mg/dL (women)

At Risk
<40 mg/dL (men)
<50 mg/dL (women)

Fasting glucose level

Normal
<100 mg/dL

At Risk
>100 mg/dL

Triglycerides level pressure

Normal
<150 mg/dL

At Risk
>150 mg/dL

Blood pressure

Normal
<120 mmHg systolic
<80 mmHg diastolic

At Risk
>140 mmHg systolic
>90 mmHg diastolic

Tip:

“systolic” is the higher number. “Diastolic” is the lower.
 

If you’re “at risk” in three or more categories, you have Metabolic Syndrome. This means you are at a high risk for developing diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. Exercising regularly, losing weight, and changing your diet can help reduce your risk for chronic health problems and improve your numbers.