Eye Health and Safety


Adult Eye Health

Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is an important part of preserving good eye health. Keys to healthy vision include:

  • Avoiding smoking
  • Controlling blood pressure and diabetes
  • Staying active and maintaining a healthy weight
  • Wearing eyewear that absorbs UV rays and brimmed hats or caps
  • Eye exams every two years, or as recommended by a physician
  • Eating natural foods with zinc, lutein, zeaxanthin, vitamins (C, E, and beta-carotene), and omega-3 fatty acids including: carrots, dark leafy greens, broccoli, berries, citrus, eggs, liver, salmon, and oysters

Signs of Problems

See your doctor if you experience any of the following:

  • Watery eyes
  • Double vision
  • Itchy or burning dry eyes
  • Recurring pain around eyes
  • Difficulty focusing on objects
  • Squinting due to light sensitivity
  • Distorted or wavy lines/edges
  • Red, crusty, or swollen eyelids
  • Dark spots or floaters in vision
  • Seeing spots or ghost-like images
  • Unusual trouble adjusting to the dark
  • Change in color of iris (colored part of your eye)

Child Eye Health

Newborns: Eye check required at delivery for hereditary problems

6 to 12 month old infants: Eye check required by a health care professional

2 to 18 years old children: Eye check required every 2 years

Eye Injuries

Common causes of eye injuries in children are: misuse of toys, everyday objects, and tools (forks and knives, pens and pencils, garden tools), falls, contact with harmful household products (detergents, cleaning supplies, paint, glue), and car accidents. Avoid these types of injuries by injury-proofing your home, reading all warnings and instructions on toys, and properly securing infant carriers and car seats.

Immediately see a doctor if your child has:

  • a cut or torn eyelid
  • pain or trouble seeing
  • an unusual pupil size or shape
  • eye movement inconsistencies
  • blood in the clear part of the eye
  • one eye that sticks out abnormally
  • something in the eye that cannot be easily removed

For more information on taking care of your family’s eyes, visit Prevent Blindness and the National Eye Institute.