Health Library

Information on common illnesses and occupational services

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A

Allergies - Allergies are a short-term inflammation of the mucous membranes that line the nasal passages.

Anxiety - Anxiety is characterized as persistent stress and worry that is not related to any specific event or stress above what would normally be expected.

Asthma - Asthma symptoms start when allergens or other irritants cause the lining of the airways to swell (become inflamed) and narrow.

Athlete's Foot - Athlete’s foot, also called tinea pedis or simply tinea, is caused by a fungus named Trichophyton, that can be found in many places from shower stalls and locker rooms to beauty parlors and even your own socks.

Avian Influenza - Avian influenza is flu infection in birds which can change (mutate) to infect humans.

Back to Top
B

Bloodborne Diseases - The illnesses that warrant the most concern are the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus (HBV), and hepatitis C virus (HCV).

Blood Pressure Reading - Used to evaluate both the numbers of the systolic and diastolic pressures.

Bronchitis - Bronchitis is an inflammation of the main air passages to the lungs.

Burn Management - Burns can be minor medical problems or life-threatening emergencies, and burn management is fundamental to avoid complications from deep, severe, or widespread burns.

Burns and Rashes - Burns and rashes are injuries to skin tissue that can be caused by fire, the sun, chemicals, heated objects or fluids, electricity, or other means.

Back to Top
C

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a musculoskeletal disorder that occurs in spaces between the bone and the fibrous band of tissue that supports the wrist joint, called the carpal tunnel.

Chest Radiography - Chest radiography (imaging and X-rays) is used to monitor the health of workers in settings where they are at risk of developing lung diseases, such as pneumoconiosis (from inhalation of asbestos fibers, silica particles, or coal dust) as well as other occupational respiratory disorders.

Chickenpox - Chickenpox is an extremely contagious childhood disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus.

Chickenpox Vaccination - Getting a vaccination can minimize the risk of contracting chickenpox. The vaccination requires two shots. The first one is given at about 1 year of age, and the second (booster) is given at 4 years of age.

Childhood Diseases - Because the immune systems of children are not fully developed, and because children are often in close proximity to one another in environments such as day-care centers, classrooms, and on school buses, the transmission of contagious diseases is particularly easy.

Cholesterol Screening - Used to track how well these measures are succeeding in lowering cholesterol to desired levels and in turn lowering the risk of developing heart disease.

Cold Sores - Cold sores (fever blisters) are a painful infection, found typically on the lips, gums, and around the mouth, and can be transmitted to others through kissing or sharing utensils, towels, or razors with someone who is infected.

Common Cold - Colds are caused by viruses and are therefore not treated with antibiotics.

Construction Injuries - Common types of construction injuries include site falls, crane accidents, scaffolding collapse, fires, explosions, and other serious injuries.

Cuts and Lacerations - Cuts and Lacerations are skin wounds that imply separation of connective tissues.

Back to Top
D

Dehydration - Dehydration is when your body doesn't have enough water in its system to function properly.

Diabetes - Diabetes is a group of conditions that occur when a person’s body does not make enough insulin or can’t use insulin properly.

Diabetes Screening - Used to determine if someone may have diabetes, a condition where the pancreas either produces little insulin or none at all.

Diagnostic Tests - Tests and lab services conducted to diagnose various illnesses and conditions.

Diarrhea - Diarrhea refers to bowel movements that are loose and watery.

DOT Physicals - Federal law requires that drivers of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) receive periodic physical examinations. Its purpose is to detect the presence of physical, mental, or emotional defects that would affect an applicant's ability to operate a commercial vehicle safely.

DOT Policy Development - Employers are responsible for developing and implementing successful DOT workplace drug and alcohol programs that contain clear DOT policies, requirements for education and training, drug and alcohol testing, and when needed, referral for evaluation and treatment.

DOT Services - The U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) requires that companies implement training initiatives, testing standards, and regulations for drivers of commercial motor vehicles, as well as personnel in other safety-sensitive roles.

DOT Testing - DOT drug screenings test for the presence of illegal drugs, alcohol, and other substances, helping to create a safer work environment.

Drug Testing and Substance Abuse - Drug testing and screening - also referred to as substance abuse and monitoring services - is a key component of many companies' risk control programs.

DTap Vaccination - Used to treat diphtheria, tetanus, and whooping cough.

Back to Top
E

Ear Infections - Ear infections happen when the tube connecting the ear to the throat swells and becomes blocked, trapping fluid inside the ear, which then gets infected.

Eczema - Eczema (atopic dermatitis) is a skin condition which involves dry, red, and itchy patches of skin. This condition may be accompanied by hay fever or asthma, and can be the result of a malfunctioning immune system.

Ergonomic Services - Ergonomics focuses on adapting the workplace to prevent injuries and disorders that result from the overuse of muscles, bad posture, or repetitive movements.

Excessive Daytime Somnolence - Excessive daytime somnolence (EDS) or sleepiness is a condition that can affect a worker’s alertness on the job. Studies show that approximately 16% of men and 22% of women report experiencing this condition.

Eye Infections - Eye infections can be caused by bacteria, fungi, or viruses.

Eye Injuries - Eye injuries can be caused by flying chips of wood, metal, or glass, contact with chemicals, grease or oil splashes, burns from steam, and laser, ultraviolet, or infrared radiation exposure. Objects in the eye usually only cause minor irritations, but there is always a risk of more severe damage if the eye receives cuts or scrapes.

Back to Top
F

Falling Injuries - Common injuries occurring as the result of poor lighting, uneven walking surfaces, throw rugs, unseen objects in our path, the side effects of some medicines, excess intake of alcohol, and the ordinary changes in balance and eyesight that come with aging.

Fifth Disease - Fifth disease, also called slapped-cheek disease, is a common illness in young children caused by a parvovirus.

Fingernail / Toenail Injuries - Fingernail and toenail injuries usually occur when there is some kind of crushing injury to the fingertip or toe, which results in blood pooling underneath the nail.

Firefighter Physicals - Firefighter Physicals evaluate a firefighter candidate to determine whether he/she is physically capable of performing the essential functions of the firefighter position.

Flu Services - Employees can receive flu shots through walk-in appointments at Concentra locations or Concentra worksites. These services offer effective flu prevention benefits which can lead to higher productivity and fewer missed work days.

Flu Vaccination - There are two types of seasonal flu vaccines: the injectable vaccine (with an inactivated or 'dead' virus) and nasal spray vaccine (containing a live, but weakened, viral strain).

Frozen Shoulder - A frozen shoulder is a loss of motion in the shoulder joint.

Full Lab Panels - Used to detect many common illnesses and conditions that offer little to no warning signs.

Back to Top
G

Gastritis Indigestion - Indigestion occurs when the lining of the stomach becomes irritated or inflamed.

German Measles - German measles (rubella) is caused by the rubella virus and spreads among humans through contact with fluids in the respiratory tract.

Back to Top
H

Hand-Foot-and-Mouth Disease - Hand-foot-and-mouth disease (not related to foot-and-mouth disease seen in animals) is a suddenly appearing disease caused by viruses.

Headaches / Migraines - Headaches and migraines occur in the head as pain.

Health Risk Assessments - Used to identify areas of health risk, which can then be addressed as part of a long-term health and wellness program.

Hearing Loss - Hearing loss, or hearing impairment, happens when there is a problem with one or more parts of the ear or ears.

Heart Burn - Believe it or not, heartburn isn't actually a condition or illness.

Heart Disease - Heart disease includes conditions affecting the heart, such as coronary heart disease, heart attack, congestive heart failure, and congenital heart disease.

Heat Stroke - Heatstroke is a form of hyperthermia, an abnormally high body temperature accompanied by physical and psychological symptoms.

Hepatitis A Vaccination - Two hepatitis A vaccines are currently available, both of which are administered through an injection into the upper arm and provide high-level protection against the disease.

Hepatitis B Vaccination - The hepatitis B vaccine contains a protein that stimulates the body to make protective antibodies. Three doses (given at 0, 1, and 6 months) are necessary to assure protection.

Hepatitis Testing - The reason for testing for hepatitis A and B is to help diagnose the illness or rule it out. Testing is also done to verify if a person does or does not have immunity and needs the vaccine.

HIV / AIDS - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) attacks the immune system destroying an individual’s ability to fight infection. Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is the final stage of an HIV infection.

Hypertension - Hypertension is also known as high blood pressure which is the force of blood against the walls of the artery.

Back to Top
I

Immigration Physicals - Immigration Physicals (conducted by designated Concentra civil surgeons) to confirm that immigrants arriving in the United States and applying for permanent residency meet the requirements of the Department of Homeland Security.

Infection Control - Every workplace should have infection control measures to prevent the spread of disease, which can be as simple as hand washing and as sophisticated as high-level disinfection of surgical instruments. Other equipment such as gloves, eye goggles, and first aid kits should be provided if necessary, as a means for infection control in the workplace.

Influenza - The flu is a contagious respiratory illness caused by influenza viruses.

Influenza Testing - To help determine whether your symptoms are due to the influenza virus, a Concentra health care provider will take a swab sample from your nose.

Insect Bites and Bee Stings - Although painful, insect bites and bee stings are rarely serious.

Back to Top
J

Job Site Analysis - A job site analysis is the process of describing and recording aspects of jobs and specifying the skills and other requirements necessary to perform the job. The purpose of conducting a job analysis is to document the requirements of a job and the work performed.

Back to Top
K

Kidney Stones - Kidney stones are hard stones made of minerals that form in the kidneys or urinary tract.

Back to Top
L

Lab Cultures - A culture is a sample of tissue or fluid taken from the body that can be evaluated in the laboratory to detect and identify infections, as well as determine sensitivity to antibiotics. Cultures are obtained to assist the provider in determining the type of infection and in directing the antibiotic choice.

Lyme Disease - The most commonly reported tick-borne disease in the United States, Lyme disease is passed to humans through the bite of black-legged ticks (deer ticks) in the East and western black-legged ticks in the West.

Back to Top
M

Malaria - Malaria is a potentially life-threatening infection caused by a parasite that is transmitted to humans by a mosquito bite.

Maritime Physicals - Maritime Physicals examine reflexes, balance, bone density, respiratory health as well as physical strength for a maritime worker.

Measles - Measles (rubeola) is a highly contagious infection of the respiratory system, which is caused by a virus.

Meningitis Vaccination - Meningitis vaccination prevents against meningitis which is an inflammation of the membranes (called meninges) that surround the brain and spinal cord.

MRSA - Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is a type of staph infection that's resistant to the antibiotic methicillin and other common antibiotics as well.

Musculoskeletal Disorders - The term musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) refers to conditions that involve the nerves, tendons, muscles, and supporting structures of the body. You may also hear them called repetitive motion disorders (RMDs).

Back to Top
N

Needlestick Injuries - A needlestick injury is a break in the skin from a needle or other "sharp" instrument such as a scalpel. Commonly encountered by people handling needles in the medical setting, such needlestick injuries in the workplace are an occupational hazard in the medical community.

Back to Top
O

Obstructive Sleep Apnea - Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a reduction or cessation of breathing during sleep caused by an obstruction to the airways in the head or neck.

Back to Top
P

Physical Exams - Physical examination is the process by which a doctor investigates the body of a patient for signs of disease. It generally follows the taking of the medical history – an account of the symptoms as experienced by the patient.

Pink Eye - As its name implies, pink eye is a redness and inflammation of the membranes covering the whites of the eyes and the inner part of the eyelids.

Pneumoconiosis - Pneumoconiosis are a group of lung diseases that result from employees being exposed to certain particles on the jobsite.

Pneumonia Vaccination - The pneumonia vaccine is given to prevent one specific type of pneumonia–the pneumonia caused by the Pneumococcus bacterium.

Poison Ivy / Poison Oak - Poison Ivy and Poison Oak are types of plants that can cause a red, uncomfortable, and irritating rash when a person comes into contact with its leaves or the oil (urushiol).

Police Officer Physicals - Police Officer Physicals evaluate a police officer to determine whether he/she is physically capable of performing the essential functions.

Polio Vaccination - The polio vaccination today is called IPV (Inactivated Polio Vaccine) because it contains non-living strains of the virus.

Pre-Employment Physicals - Pre-Employment Physicals help companies answer the question: "Does this individual have the physical capabilities to perform the essential functions of this job safely?"

Pregnancy Diagnosis - The primary sign of pregnancy is missing one or more consecutive menstrual periods. Other common symptoms of pregnancy may include nausea or vomiting (morning sickness), fatigue, headaches, and mood swings.

Preventive Screenings - Screenings such as blood pressure readings, cholesterol screening, diabetes screening, and health risk assessments that help you stay healthy now and in the future.

Back to Top
R

Reproductive Health - Reproductive health is a broad topic that includes illnesses and conditions such as pregnancy, pregnancy disorders and complications, birth defects, infertility, male and female sexual health, birth control, and more.

Respiratory Diseases - Respiratory diseases such as asthma, pneumoconiosis, and SARS are a result of an employee’s exposure on the job or a viral infection.

Ringworm - Ringworm is a fungal infection characterized by a red ring of that develops on the top layer of the skin. It gets its name from the ring that can appear, but it has nothing to do with an actual worm.

Roseola - Roseola, also known as sixth disease, is a mild illness, mainly affecting children, which will go away on its own.

Back to Top
S

SARS - Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral respiratory illness.

Scabies - Scabies is an itchy skin condition caused by a tiny parasite (mite) called Sarcoptes scabiei that can live and multiply on skin.

Scalp Ringworm - Scalp ringworm (tinea capitis) is a common mild infection of the scalp and hair that appears as scaly spots and patches of broken hair on the head.

Scarlet Fever - Scarlet fever is an infection caused by the streptococcus bacteria.

School / Sports Physicals - School, sport, and camp physicals determine whether a student athlete or camp attendee is medically and physically able to participate in activities. (These physicals are typically not covered under private health insurance plans.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Sexually Transmitted Diseases, or STDs, as they are commonly referred to, are some of the most common infectious diseases present today.

Sinus Infections - A sinus infection is the inflammation of the sinus cavities and nasal passages.

Skin Conditions - Dermal exposure to hazardous agents can result in a variety of occupational diseases and disorders, including occupational skin diseases (OSD) and systemic toxicity.

Skin Infections - Skin infections can occur in many different forms, and they affect people of all ages. Luckily, there are a variety of skin care treatments and therapies available to medicate, care for, and cure infections.

Sleep Disorders - Sleep disorders such as excessive daytime somnolence (EDS) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) can affect not only a patient’s health, but also performance on the job.

Sleep Evaluation Program - Concentra's DOT Sleep Evaluation Program (CoSEP) provides processes and tools that help our clinicians objectively and consistently evaluate commercial truck drivers at high crash risk due to excessive sleepiness.

Sprains - A sprain is an injury – usually a stretching or a tearing – to a ligament.

STD Testing - Testing for more than 20 STDs. The most deadly is the HIV virus. Other common STDs include syphilis, gonorrhea, and chlamydia.

Strep Throat - Strep throat is only one of many possible causes of throat infection and sore throat.

Stress - Stress refers to the consequence of the failure of an organism – human or animal – to respond adequately to mental, emotional or physical demands, whether actual or imagined.

Sunburn - A sunburn is skin damage from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, which can cause redness and mild to severe pain.

Swimmers Ear - Swimmer's ear is a bacterial infection of the skin covering the outer ear and ear canal.

Back to Top
T

Tick-Borne Diseases - Ticks infected with bacteria, viruses, or parasites can spread diseases to humans through bites.

Trauma - Traumatic injuries can have a number of causes, including falls and automobile accidents which result in whiplash.

Travel Vaccines - Travel Vaccines are products that induce immunity or protection to specific disease or diseases. Vaccines for travel may be recommended or required depending on specific itinerary, planned activities, and personal medical and vaccine history.

Typhoid Fever - Typhoid Fever is a life-threatening bacterial infection caused by Salmonella Typhi.

Back to Top
V

Vaccinations - Vaccinations are critical to maintaining good health and preventing the spread of disease.

Back to Top
W

Warm Up Stretching - Just as an athlete can prevent injury with a proper warm-up and stretching program, workplace warm-up stretching programs can also reduce the risk of injury-especially to the back, shoulders, arms, and wrists.

West Nile Virus - The West Nile virus is most often spread to humans from the bite of an infected mosquito.

Whiplash - Whiplash is a relatively common injury that occurs to a person's neck following a sudden and forceful movement of the neck backwards and then forward.

Wound Care - A wound is a break in the skin, usually caused by cuts or scrapes. Different kinds of wounds may be treated differently from one another, depending upon how they occur and level of severity.

Back to Top
Y

Yellow Fever - Yellow fever is a life-threatening viral infection that is spread to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.

Back to Top